#TurksandCaicos, February 26, 2021 – There has already been speculation regarding my choice of appointed members. Tracking social media I know passions run high on this and some good decent people have reached out to me expressing worries and concerns.
The last 48 hours have, as a result, only reinforced in my mind a truth that whatever ones position is on who a ‘Turks and Caicos Islander’ is – and who therefore should have a voice in the Legislature – there is a need for a national conversation on this issue. It stars to go the heart of the Islands present and future identity and it would seem to me that for so long as there is confusion about this then a properly unified nation, at ease with itself, is rather difficult to achieve.
That belief is reinforced because in every conversation I have, I do not know of a senior politician or informed private citizen, who has given this thought, who does not recognise that the question around unity or disunity, inclusion or exclusion, is a pressing issue here in TCI.
People might not agree on how it should be settled, but they do believe it does need to start to be settled. It is though very hard for an elected politician to talk in these terms publicly because of the strength of feeling it generates from those who elect them. So I hope I can play some part in catalysing and sustaining that debate over the course of this Parliament through those I appoint.
Whatever the solution is, that comes out of that conversation, it will need to be designed and managed by the Turks and Caicos Islanders– whereby – TCI can build an inclusive society particularly for those who were born here, who have yet to properly integrate, but who clearly are part of these Islands future.
I stress from the outset I offer no preferred solution, or indeed any solution. I am quite clear the issue is one for Turks and Caicos Islanders alone to resolve but what I do hope to do is generate a conversation that moves beyond short bursts of anger or frustration on social media – or quiet resentment in many communities – into a set of reflections and interventions on the floor of the House of Assembly which is where mature serious debate, on matters of national importance, should occur.
I have said in the past how important the Constitution is and that whatever I do I am bounded by the law. With regard to guiding me, as to who I should appoint to the House of Assembly, Section 48 (which brings in Section 46(c)) compels me to appoint only Turks and Caicos Islanders. I cannot appoint a foreigner. If the persons I am about to appoint are considered by you to be ‘foreigners’ then you are at odds with the foundational legal document that all others on the Islands are built from. That alone is worth a proper conversation.
Linked to that it is worth saying that there is nothing, anywhere, in the Constitution that differentiates between different types of Turks and Caicos Islanders. In law a Turks and Caicos Islander is a Turks and Caicos Islander. To me that seems to be a fundamental foundation of any democratic society going back as far as ancient Greece. So within the Constitution, and under the law, every Turks and Caicos Islander has equal status. Some may not like that, but that is the legal position.
The second section of the Constitution that guides me on my selection is Section 47. That directs that my selection should be: ‘so far as possible from among persons representing shades of opinion which would not otherwise be represented in the House
Should the Governor’s Members Be Part of the Opposition:
This takes me to my first point. A number of people have suggested – from both sides of the political divide (although none of them past or present elected politicians because they have a good understanding of this point) that there is an expectation on me to appoint members who can provide an active opposition to the Government and they justify this because the Opposition benches have been depleted down to two.
I can see the ‘in the moment’ argument for this, but I see nothing in the Constitution that suggests, in any sense, that the Governor’s appointees should provide an ‘opposition’ to the ‘will as expressed by the people’. This seems to me a dangerous assertion. It is the people who have decided the relative ratios of the two opposing Benches and I certainly do not want to set a precedent that the Governor today, or in the future, seeks to make appointments to oppose the Government.
Once appointed by me the two Members of the House will take no direction from me – they will vote with their conscience as Turks and Caicos Islanders – but in appointing them I make an assumption that if the Government are seeking to pass legislation that was in their manifesto, which the people voted for, there should be some presumption of support unless the legislation is poorly considered or badly drafted.
What I do expect the members who I appoint to do is to ‘constructively challenge’, to scrutinise legislation line-by-line, and spending, and have the skill to do that. I also expect them to be able to bring real diversity of view – to help the House think through first and second order consequences that they may not have considered. I do not expect the Governor’s appointed members to be deliberately contrary, or grand-stand, but instead to be sober, wise and considered.
Respecting all Turks and Caicos Islanders.
Now to my second point. It would, I’m told via some on social media, be hugely disrespectful for me to not appoint ‘indigenous Turks and Caicos Islanders’. Of course one of the past appointed members – who has retired – was just such an appointment, non-indigenous, and I think most agree, he added great value to the work of the House.
But sticking with the broader point, for those who know me, you will I hope find it hard to find an example of where I have shown disrespect to anyone – in person or in social media – including my harshest critic – let alone an entire group of people, a group of people I have come not just to respect, but to genuinely admire. And in terms of appointing Turks and Caicos Islanders I quickly appointed a Deputy Commissioner, appointed for the first time a Judge (albeit temporarily because no long-term vacancy existed) and appointed the first Turks and Caicos Islands Resident Magistrate. The latter two are ground breaking appointments and show no disrespect. And in forming the Regiment I’ve ensured the Regular Officers of that Regiment, are all Turks and Caicos Islanders and invested in them.
There are unquestionably many ‘indigenous’ Islanders who I could appoint on merit, I’d go so far as to say there are some who are quite brilliant and some know exactly who they are because I’ve had conversations with them on this issue as I started to make my choices. But the key point for me is, because many are young, and many are brilliant, and many have big ideas for these Islands, I’d prefer they stood before the electorate than were brought into the House by me.
A Governor’s appointed member has limits placed on them that an individual with a big and expansive vision, and dream for the Islands, would be constrained from delivering. To effect this sort of change you need to be on the Government bench. I am confident that any indigenous Turks and Caicos Islander, of the quality I would want to appoint, the electorate of TCI would want to appoint, as well. So I encourage the very best of our Turks and Caicos Islanders to stand before the electorate.
Set against this I am much less confident that those of the same quality, who are not indigenous Islanders, particularly if they come from ethnic or national backgrounds that appear here to carry stigma, would presently be selected as candidates, let alone elected. I don’t criticise this in anyway, there are reasons for it that I understand. But I think the Constitution both calls on me, and enables me, to help such people still serve at the highest levels of government.
In terms of selection criteria – I had four. First I wanted to choose those who could cover as many matters as possible that I hold Constitutional responsibility for (Policing, national security and financial services are examples). Second, an interest in issues I described in my inauguration speech (wealth creation, tourism, the vulnerable, child welfare); third, that they could contribute to good governance (so could scrutinise legislation line-by-line, or understood finances and budgets and had understanding of countering corruption, money laundering and human rights) and finally; d) had the gravitas and wisdom to hold and sustain an independent position in the House witout being overly influenced.
As a result, I have chosen to appoint Harold Charles and Willin Belliard as the Governor’s appointed members. I wish to also say that the one other name I have seen in social media – that apparently was my choice – was wrong, was fake news, never considered and never approached. Some of the venom directed at that individual requires, I’d have thought, an apology.
So to Harold and to Willin. Both are passionate Turks and Caicos Islanders. If you’ve met either you will know this. They have completely committed to TCI. Harold was of course born in Haiti, speaks Creole, and is well connected to the Haitian Community but he is also embedded in the Turks and Caicos Island community and there are few people I’ve heard speak as passionately and optimistically about TCI as Harold. He is the Islands adopted son – from the poorest of beginnings – and grateful for it.
Willin was born in the Dominican Republic, speaks Spanish, and is well connected to the Dominican community. But likewise, Willin’s home and his family’s future are embedded here in TCI and, as an ex-Police Officer, demonstrated he was prepared to put his life on the line, for the people of TCI, and committed to run towards danger rather than away from it for many years.
I said in my Inauguration speech that I would respect those who created wealth, and by implication created employment on the Islands. Harold has, though-out his career, certainly done that. For some time he was the second largest employer on the Islands, directly and indirectly.
I also said, in that speech that I had great respect for those who put themselves before the electorate and Harold did this in 2012, not successfully, but he provided an alternative Political Party offering something different. I hope Harold, through his actions, encourages others to stand knowing that there is a route into the House – if not immediately – by showing early courage and commitment to the democratic process. I’d certainly suggest my successor considers in the future some who stood in this year’s election – as Independents – who were unsuccessful but were of genuine quality.
Harold also clearly has an eye for finance, so in matters relating to budget I hope he can bring his financial rigour into the House. Tourism remains our overwhelming industry and aviation is its backbone. This is the main artery of the Territory’s financial life support – and as we recover our Tourist industry from the pandemic I hope Harold’s deep knowledge of this industry, particularly at a time when our international airport requires renewal, will be of help to his colleagues.
And Harold brings into the House real knowledge of our neighbouring country – Haiti – who frustrates and undermines us with our greatest national security problems. I hope he can use his influence in his community, and whatever influence he has in Haiti, to help us defend our borders and drive home the message that while legal controlled migration here is welcomed, at the pace or not the elected government dictates, illegal immigration undermines and stigmatises the Haitian community here and generates tensions that should not be present. The message he can deliver is simple. Come here legally you are very welcome. Come here illegally, you are not.
Beyond that Harold’s life experience is frankly inspirational. It’s well known in the Islands as a genuine rags to riches story generated through hard work and entrepreneurial flair. He is, I hope, a role model to all young people here in TCI, whatever their background, that it’s possible to rise from the most humble of beginnings to a position where you receive international recognition and you can serve the Territory in its Legislature. In 2014 Harold was presented with TCI’s National Honour for twenty years of outstanding and exemplary public service.
And so to Willin. He is a former Police Officer, with commendations from a past Chief Justice and the UK House for Commons for a successful investigation into a major $200 million fraud. A highlight of his policing career is the law enforcement work, as a founding member of the Financial Intelligence Unit of the RTCIPF, to bring to justice the ringleader of a major Ponzi scheme, resulting in the only such conviction in the islands’ history and protecting the islands reputation in the financial services sector. As a result he brings the interests of front line law enforcement into the House. I hope there will now be a Representative in the House who can talk intelligently about the challenge and future of Policing and I hope the Leadership of the Police Force can keep him well briefed in this regard so he is current.
He is also an Attorney. Policing on its own cannot solve the problem of crime in TCI. It also needs an excellent, modern, efficient Justice system. The Chief Justice is leading on this and I hope Willin will help support her agenda, along with other Attorney’s, in the Legislature.
Having trained at the London Bar – Willin should also bring an Attorney’s eye to the line-by-line scrutiny of legislation. I hope all in the House commit to careful scrutiny of legislation that a Government, with a very powerful majority, will bring to the House. As an Attorney he has also worked on issues here relating to Human Rights, holding the Government to account, and I see Human Rights as an invaluable safety catch in terms of good governance as well as the protection of the individual.
Willin has, until recently, been a member of the Board of the Financial Intelligence Agency, a position he will now need to relinquish as it is a body subject to oversight by the House of Assembly. I know both political parties wish to diversify the economy and I hope the knowledge Willin brings to the House is helpful.
Finally, Willin has spent the past months consulting on a significant anti-corruption investigation in another jurisdiction. The insight he gained from that will, I hope, help inform his thinking when it comes to issues relating to procurement and capital projects.
Children and Education:
There are certain things that both Harold and Willin have in common. Both had to work very hard to get to where they got to. Neither started with great privilege in life. As a result both have a fierce understanding of the gift of education and the curse if it is denied; both I believe will fight passionately for children’s rights and be very supportive of a Government who are focussed on our children – both their education and their welfare.
I hope both Harold and Willin will also be role models demonstrating how legal (and I do stress the word ‘legal’) immigrants to these Islands – or people born of immigrants to these Islands – can enrich the Islands future and aspire to serve.
Just Two Among Fifteen
Beyond their skill and character, beyond their status as a citizen of these Islands, any who worry that there are now members in the House of Assembly who can explicitly bring into the House the views of the legal, lawful, immigrant community, be they first or second generation, need only reflect that these are just two members amongst 15, and the Government has such a strong majority that their ‘will’ simply cannot be frustrated so long as they act within the law.
I do hope both benches welcome Harold and Willin not only as colleagues but as fellow Turks and Caicos Islanders; I do hope debate in the House can be enriched by their presence; I do hope the skills they bring are valued, and; I do hope it helps further build a society where division is increasingly replaced by a process of managed integration, and increasing inclusion.
Helping generate what I think is an important conversation that needs to be had throughout the term of this Parliament, is the end of my public contribution on this matter. If I am criticised for starting a debate, and putting forward Turks and Caicos Islanders who can contribute to that debate, seems a rather modest contribution to make. The really hard work is of course for Turks and Caicos Islanders to take the conversation wherever they wish, and work out the long term future of how a population that was just 7,000 in 1980, and which is on track to grow to 70,000 by 2040, can increasingly be at ease on matters relating to identity and inclusion.
Only One Term:
Finally I have made it clear to both my appointees that my recommendation to any successor will be that they should not be reappointed after one term. That is because I believe the maximum number of people should be cycled through these roles bringing the maximum amount of opportunity and diversity to the Chamber. But also because, as Governor, I do not wish to impose on the public purse by having members of the House of Assembly that I appoint profit from the generous pension provision, following two terms of office, without having had to stand before the electorate.
To conclude, I have been very consistent that this issue has to be decided and concluded by Turks and Caicos’ Islanders. But my responsibilities as the Governor of all these Islands brings with is a responsibility to every person who lives here, under the law. It is therefore incumbent on me – if I see a chronic problem – that is not being tackled – to highlight it. The stalling of the long awaited ‘Islander Commission’ last year – the one route to gain Islander status in TCI, so long delayed, worried me.
I restate I have no view as to who should get status in these Islands that decision is only to be made by Turks and Caicos Islanders – but I have an obligation, placed on me by the Constitution, that such a route must exist. With the election concluded I will look for it to restart its work imminently.
I wish all the appointed members well, including those from the political parties, and I hope the debate, that I believe my appointments will generate will help take forward an over-due national conversation that results in a more inclusive TCI where the status of being a TCI Islander, however that status was achieved, and however that process in the future is managed, is a badge of solid national unity and shared national pride.
So may God Bless the Turks and Caicos and may God bless the Turks and Caicos Islanders.
Secretary-General’s remarks at press conference upon arrival in Kingstown Airport, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
29 February 2024
Ladies and gentlemen of the media,
Let me first of all, express my deep gratitude to Prime Minister Gonsalves for having invited me to participate in this CELAC Summit and to intervene in the opening session. But this visit goes beyond the participation in a Summit. It’s a visit in which I would like to pay a few tributes and to express a deep solidarity.
The first tribute is to Latin America and the Caribbean as a continent of peace, in a world where we see a proliferation of wars and conflicts of all kinds. Today, I was shocked to know that, in another episode of the war in Gaza, 100 people that were queuing to receive humanitarian aid were killed.
I think that a situation like this would require an effective independent investigation to detect how it was possible and those responsible for it. And at the same time, there is the reported number of more than 30,000 civilians that have died in Gaza since 7 October, making it an unprecedented number of civilians killed in a conflict since I have been Secretary-General.
Now, in this context, to see Latin America and the Caribbean as a continent of peace, and to see that when a problem arises, and recently we had one with two neighbours, Guyana and Venezuela, there is a mediator that emerges and is able to bring the parties together and to avoid a conflict. And so, I want to pay tribute to Prime Minister Gonsalves for his permanent role, always very attentive to any possibility of conflict, and his engaged, active and effective mediation, as I also have seen in relation to his very strong commitment to the solution of the problems in Haiti.
And paying tribute to him, I want to pay tribute to the courage, the resilience and the solidarity of the people of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. When the volcano exploded, and when this island and its population faced the dramatic tragedy, I could witness the way this country was able to mobilize everything. The solidarity of the people, the courage of the people, the determination of the people – that is something that is an example for all of us, everywhere. And once again, I want to express my enormous appreciation for what was done in the immediate response and in the reconstruction that followed.
But I also want to express a deep solidarity to the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Many of the economies of the continent are in deep trouble. When COVID-19 devastated the world, the truth is that developed countries, like mine, in the European Union, were able to print money in large quantities, to support their people and to support their economies.
Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, the overwhelming majority could not print money because, if they would have to print money, their currencies would suffer enormously. And so, they had to borrow in order to solve the problems of their people and their economies after COVID-19. And we see now so many economies in this continent drowning in debt, and we see that an unfair, ineffective, and outdated international financial architecture has proven unable to support these countries in this moment of distress. To make things worse, with the war in Ukraine and with other impacts, prices went up, interest rates went up. The impact on their economies has been terrible. But many of the economies of the region are middle-income countries, and middle-income countries have no access to concessional funding, and they have no access to debt relief that is effective.
It’s time for a reform or our international financial institutions. It’s time for a new Bretton Woods movement in which developing countries can see an international financial system able to address the enormous challenges that they face.
And the last word of solidarity is for Small Island Developing States. They are on the front lines of the fight against climate change. They are the ones that suffer more with the impacts of climate change, and they have not contributed to climate change. But even not having contributed to climate change, they are also on the front lines of adopting the measures of mitigation to reduce emissions that are, of course, very limited from the beginning, but to show their solidarity with the world. And it is absolutely essential that there is not only a much bigger ambition in relation to the reduction of emissions. And that is essentially a responsibility of the G20 countries that represent 80 per cent of the emissions. But we need much more climate justice. Which means much more finance available at reasonable cost for adaptation and mitigation for developing countries, and in particular for Small Island Developing States.
And so, this is the moment to recognize that countries of Latin America and the Caribbean that have been victims of an unfair international financial system, and that many of them in particular are victims of a runaway climate change, have the right to claim for the reforms that are necessary in order to create the conditions for their governments to be able to act providing their peoples with the response to the needs that need to be addressed. Because it is absolutely unacceptable that lack of investment in education, or in housing, or infrastructure, is the price paid for an unfair international financial system in the moment of a global multiplication of wars and conflicts that represents the threat to international peace and security.
Question: We live in a hemisphere that has a lot of different issues and also we have various types of organizations at various levels? How do you see CELAC playing a particular role including those issues in the hemisphere?
Secretary-General: I’ve always been supportive of integration. Economic integration, political integration, as the key instrument for regions to be able to allow their countries to cooperate more strongly and cooperating more strongly to be able to better defend the interests of their people. So I believe that CELAC is an extremely important tool to push for a progressive economic and political integration in the Latin American and Caribbean world.
Question: July 6, 2023 you spoke on two issues. And you mentioned that to address the problem in Haiti a budget of about $720 million was needed, but at the time of your address in Trinidad and Tobago only 23 percent of that financing was collected. How much of that financing has been collected and how much is needed to bring peace to Haiti?
Secretary-General: I think that in Haiti we need three things. First: we need effective, political progress for a political solution.
Second: we need a security system that allows to end domination of the gangs and the criminality that is destroying the country. And I hope that an international force for which I fought will be able to soon be in Haiti, but we also need much more international support from the humanitarian and economic point of view.
Indeed, the humanitarian appeal of last year was insufficiently funded. We just launched a new humanitarian appeal and I hope that this time the world will understand that the people of Haiti are suffering so much that at least in the minimum of the minimum that corresponds to the basic needs – there is an effective response of the international community.
That is my strong appeal. But that will not replace the need for a political solution and the need for establishment of security.
Question: You were talking about Haiti. I wanted to ask about the CARICOM Summit. They arrived with a date for elections on 2025. What’s your opinion about this?The second question is related to climate justice that you were talking about and this need for a reform of the financial system. Is this going to be one of the main issues during the CELAC Summit to talk about? How is it possible to work with them?
Secretary-General: First of all, in relation to Haiti, there was some progress with the constitution of the presidential council, with the checks and balances that were established and with the scheduling of the elections. The problem that we need to be absolutely sure is solved is implementation. And that things are not postponed or that things, or that nobody is dragging his or her feet.
So, we absolutely need now to move quickly in the implementation of what was decided because let’s be clear, you can put as many police forces as possible in Haiti [but] if there is no political solution, the problem will not be solved.
It is not for me to define the agenda of CELAC. But two things I can guarantee – these two issues will be raised by me very clearly in my intervention tomorrow.
And, when we talk about climate justice, we are still waiting for a meaningful availability of resources for the loss and damage fund.
We need much more than what was promised. We need a clarification of how the adaptation funding will double, and commitment that should emerge of making 50 per cent of international funding on climate for adaptation. We need to clarify once and for all how the $100 billion that developed countries have promised per year are implemented.
And we need to do the reforms in the way international financial institutions work – both the need to increase their capital level and the need to change their business model in order to be able to mobilize much more resources and to attract private capital at reasonable cost for support of developing countries in climate action.
Question: Over the years, a number of resolutions have been passed by the United Nations Security Council. How much of a hinderance towards achieving peace in a number of regions, the latest is what’s happening in Gaza, how much of a hinderance is the veto power of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council?
Secretary-General: The geopolitical divides that unfortunately have been aggravating in the recent times have transformed the veto power into an effective instrument of paralysis of the action of the Security Council.
In a world where those geopolitical divides would not exist, probably things would be easier. I remember the 1990s in which there were not many vetos. But the truth is, in the present situation, with the deep divides that we that we are witnessing among the main powers, the veto power became, indeed, an instrument of paralysis of the Security Council, and an instrument that limits its capacity to address the crisis, the dramatic crises we are facing.
One example. I’ve been claiming for months that we need a humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza, as we need the immediate and unconditional release of hostages. Until now it was not possible to have the Security Council adopt this position. And when one sees the incident that I mentioned – about 100 people that were killed – we see how important this humanitarian ceasefire [would be.]
There are, of course, negotiations that are taking place and I wish success for those negotiations – to be possible to have the release of a number of hostages, to be possible to have an interruption in the fighting – but I am totally convinced that we need a humanitarian ceasefire and we need the unconditional and immediate release of hostages and that we should have a Security Council able to achieve these objectives.
Haiti to hold elections in 2025
#Haiti#Elections,February 29th, 2024 – The President of Haiti Ariel Henry has agreed to hold General elections by Mid-2025, August 31st, as announced by The Prime Minister of the Bahamas Philip Davis on Wednesday February 28th, 2024, at the end of the 4 day 46th Caricom heads of Government meeting. To help Haiti prepare for elections, Davis says an assessment team comprised of international partners will be formed
Oil Spill Spreads to Bonaire
#CaribbeanOilSpill,#Bonaire, February 29th, 2024 – The oil spill discovered in Trinidad and Tobago on February 7th has spread across the Caribbean in the island of Bonaire, located 50 miles north of the Venezuelan coast. According to reports, officials in Bonaire are concerned, stating that the oil is a serious threat to humans and nature, polluting areas of the island’s east coast. They add that mangrove, fish and coral ecosystems were at risk. The owner of the vessel responsible for the spill as well as what caused it to sink are still unclear.
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