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CARPHA to Conduct Surveys to Understand Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices related to Mosquito Borne Diseases

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Port of Spain, Trinidad. The Caribbean Public Health Agency seeks to gain a better understanding of the population’s knowledge, attitudes and practices associated with Mosquito Borne Diseases (MBDs) in six CARPHA Member States. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has been contracted by CARPHA to conduct surveys from February to April 2024. 

 

The IFRC through its Red Cross-National Societies will venture into communities in six pre-selected Member States, starting with: Belize, Guyana, Suriname and St Vincent and the Grenadines, in the first instance. The Red Cross teams will conduct focus group discussions and administer house-to-house questionnaires targeting adolescents, women of childbearing age, males between 18 and 45, persons over 45 and community leaders. More information regarding the remaining two countries will be shared in a subsequent communication.

 

The findings of the study will be used to inform community-based public education campaigns, policies, and strategies that aim to reduce the spread of Zika, Chikungunya and Dengue. It is hoped that these will contribute to the improvement of the health of the Caribbean population and the sustainable social development of the Caribbean. 

About Mosquito Borne Diseases in the Caribbean

 

Mosquito-borne diseases (MBDs) are a major threat to the health and economies of societies globally. MBDs such as Zika, Chikungunya and Dengue account for approximately 17% of the estimated global burden of infectious diseases, with approximately 700,000 attributable deaths each year.

 

In 2013, Chikungunya (CHIKV) was first detected on the island of Saint-Martin and within one year expanded to all countries in the region with thousands of cases1. In 2015, the first Zika case was detected in Suriname. Subsequently, the Caribbean experienced a wider outbreak with unexpected neurological complications, such as microcephaly and Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS)2.

 

The epidemics of Zika, Chikungunya and Dengue among other mosquito-borne diseases underscore the need to have robust regional health security systems. This is particularly important because many Caribbean countries depend on tourism as a major source of revenue. There is therefore a need to employ strategies that specifically target the needs of the Caribbean people to prevent and appropriately respond to these public health threats. CARPHA will continue to work closely with its Member States to develop effective interventions and improve their capacity to prevent, control and respond to outbreaks of mosquito borne diseases.

 

 

 

References

 

1.Mowatt L, Jackson ST. Chikungunya in the Caribbean: An Epidemic in the Making. Infect Dis Ther. 2014;3(2):63-68. doi:10.1007/s40121-014-0043-9

 

2.Francis L, Hunte SA, Valadere AM, Polson-Edwards K, Asin-Oostburg V, Hospedales CJ. Zika virus outbreak in 19 English- and Dutch-speaking Caribbean countries and territories, 2015-2016. Rev Panam Salud Publica Pan Am J Public Health. 2018;42:e120. doi:10.26633/RPSP.2018.120

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Caribbean News

PAHO Calls Americas to Increase Aedes aegypti Mosquito Control

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Rashaed Esson

Staff Writer

 

#PAHO#Dengue#Americas, February 23rd, 2024 – With nearly seven thousand cases of dengue and 102 deaths reported in the Americas as of early February 2024, the Pan American Health Organization is once again calling for stronger measures to control the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the main transmitter of dengue. These numbers indicate a 157 percent increase in cases over the same period in 2023.  In the first five weeks of 2024, Peru, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay reported an increase in cases.

 

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Caribbean News

Dark Tourism Efforts in Jamaica – Colonial sites Preservation

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Rashaed Esson

Staff Writer

#DarkTourism#Jamaica,February 23rd, 2024 – British Colonial sites in Jamaica like Georgian plantation houses and slave infrastructure, are being preserved as slavery monuments to boost what authorities are calling the “Dark Tourism” industry. According to reports, Dark Tourism refers to tourists visiting places marked by historical tragedy. For Jamaica, the history of Britain’s 300-year rule will be explained at the preserved sites. Tourism minister Edmund Bartlett says work is being done with the ministry of Culture and the Jamaica National Heritage Trust.

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Bahamas News

Bahamas as Caribbean top 2024 Spring Destination

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Rashaed Esson

Staff Writer

#Bahamas#Tourism, February 23rd, 2024 – The Bahamas has been categorized as the most popular Caribbean destination for travel in the upcoming spring season by travel insurance company Squaremouth, in a new report. It was the only Caribbean nation to make the list for the top 10 destinations. The report is derived from travel insurance purchases made through Squaremouth.

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